Illness Benefit (formerly known as Disability Benefit) and Occupational Injury Benefit, paid by the Department of Social Protection (DSP) are taxable sources of income.
Child dependant additions (i.e. additional payments made to claimants in respect of qualifying children) are exempt for tax purposes. Prior to 1 January 2012, the first six weeks (36 days) of Illness Benefit and Occupational Injury Benefit payments in the tax year were also exempt for tax purposes.
Note: References to Illness Benefit also include Occupational Injury Benefit.
From 1 January 2019:
The DEASP tell Revenue the amount of your taxable IB. Any tax due from your IB is collected by reducing your tax credits and rate band. This will be shown on your Tax Credit Certificate (TCC). Revenue will make an amended Revenue Payroll Notification (RPN) available to your employer so they can collect any tax due.
While you are on sick leave if your employer:
For taxation purposes Illness Benefit recipients can be divided into two groups and the taxation treatment of each group is outlined below:
When you are absent from work due to illness and receive Illness Benefit from the DSP, tax is deducted through the PAYE system.
The DSP notifies your employer of the amount of the taxable Illness Benefit, which you are entitled to receive while out sick, and also the date the payment commenced.
Your employer will operate one of the following procedures to deduct the tax due on your Illness Benefit, depending on whether or not you are paid by your employer while out sick:
The amount of taxable Illness Benefit will be shown on your P45 if you cease employment during the year, or on your P60 if you are still in employment on 31 December.
If you fall within this category the taxable portion of Illness Benefit will be taken into account by Revenue as income when dealing with any tax repayment claim you may make.
If you do not make a tax repayment claim while unemployed the taxable element of Illness Benefit will be taken into account by reducing your tax credits and rate band on your revised Tax Credit Certificate when you resume work.
Yes. Any recipient of Illness Benefit is entitled to the PAYE tax credit unless it has been allowed already against other PAYE income.
No. Illness Benefit is exempt from PRSI and USC.
If you, your spouse or civil partner are not taxed through the PAYE system and you have other income in addition to your Illness Benefit you need to consider whether you must make a Self-Assessment return.